Upholstery became more common in Europe during the Middle Ages as furniture designs became more complex and ornate. Upholsterers were skilled craftsmen who covered furniture, constructed the frames, and added padding and stuffing for comfort.
In the 18th century, upholstery became a highly specialized profession with the rise of luxury furniture designs in France and England. Upholsterers worked with interior designers and architects to create custom furniture for the aristocracy and wealthy elite. The furniture was often adorned with elaborate carvings, gold leaf, and silk or velvet fabrics.
During the Industrial Revolution, upholstery became more mechanized with the invention of specialized tools and sewing machines. This led to the mass production of upholstered furniture, making it more affordable and accessible to the middle class.
Upholstery remains an integral part of the furniture industry, with skilled upholsterers using various techniques and materials to create custom furniture pieces and restore antique furniture. Modern upholstery materials include synthetic fibres, foam, and recycled materials, allowing for more sustainable and eco-friendly designs.
In conclusion, upholstery covers furniture with materials to provide comfort and style. It has a long and rich history, dating back thousands of years. It has evolved over time with changing furniture designs and technological advancements.